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The Environment Bill 2019-21 – an update


Last week the government announced that progress on the Environment Bill will be further delayed due the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Parliamentary timetable.

The Public Bill Committee, set up to scrutinise and propose amendments to the Bill, sat for the final time at the end of November. While the Committee’s amended Bill was considered by MPs in the first part of the Report stage last week, the second part of that stage will now not take place until the next Parliamentary session later in the Spring. The government has stated that its intention is that the Bill will now receive Royal Assent in the autumn.

In this article, we consider some key elements of the Bill which have been amended by the Committee, as well as the establishment of the Interim Environmental Governance Secretariat.

Biodiversity and conservation:

  • The provisions in respect of biodiversity net gain and conservation covenants remain largely unchanged but for some minor amendments.
  • The major change in Part 6 of the Bill (‘Nature and Biodiversity’) is the introduction of new powers for Natural England to implement ‘species conservation strategies’ and ‘protected site conservation strategies’. Changes to the way in which wildlife conservation licences are granted have also been inserted into the Bill.
  • The amended Bill also features a new clause on the use of ‘forest risk commodities’, such as palm oil and cocoa, in commercial activities. This has been introduced with the aim of reducing deforestation brought about by agricultural practices. Businesses will need to be aware of any duties they may have to conduct due diligence on their supply chains as non-compliance may result in financial penalties.

Office for Enviromental Protection (“OEP”)

  • The powers of the OEP to both initiate and intervene in judicial review proceedings have been limited to “urgent” and “serious” cases respectively.
  • The distinction between the work of the OEP and the Committee on Climate Change has been clarified by way of a memorandum of understanding between the two bodies; this will set out how they intend to work alongside one another and avoid overlap between their functions.
  • The environmental review process will now take place in the High Court rather than the Upper Tribunal. In addition, the amended Bill now clarifies the threshold for initiation of this process by the OEP.
  • The Secretary of State will now be able to issue guidance to the OEP in respect of enforcement.

Interim Environmental Governance Secretariat (“IEGS”)

One of the reasons for the introduction of the OEP, was to provide a replacement for the enforcement function which, until the end of the Brexit transition period, was fulfilled by the European Commission. However, due to the delays in the Bill, the OEP was not established by 1 January 2021. For this reason, the IEGS has been set up within DEFRA. Although it has no statutory powers, the body has been able to take complaints from 1 January, with the intention that it will gather information and pass it on to the OEP once it has been formally established. Further information on the IEGS can be found on its dedicated website[1].

Next Steps

The DEFRA has confirmed that, despite the Parliamentary delay, it will continue its work related to the Bill, including the publication of a timeline for consultation on waste reform and the development of environmental targets to be laid before parliament by 2022[2].

There is still scope for further amendments to the Bill and we will continue to monitor its progress through Parliament.



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